What Values Did the Ancient Greeks Value Highly?
Nov 19, аи Athenian Values In the 4th to 5th century B.C, Athens was going through a prosperous period and in this period its people made remarkable achievements. Athenian citizens in that era were generally expected to have respectful qualities, like openness, a rational mind and belief in their authority, although they did have shortcomings. What values did Athenians regard as most important? P. Greek gods played an important role in the lives of Athenians by giving the people advice when they went to their temples.
The democratic congregation of classical Athens, which, in theory, brought together all citizens to decide upon proposed laws and decrees. In the Assembly of the People, Athenian citizens decided matters of state.
In theory, it was composed of all the citizens of Athens; however, it is estimated that the maximum number of participants it included was 6, Since many citizens were incapable of exercising political rights, due to their poverty or ignorance, a number of governmental resources existed to encourage inclusivity.
For example, the Athenian democracy importqnt the following to its population:. In order to discourage corruption and patronage, most public offices that did not require specialized expertise were appointed by lot rather than by election.
When the Assembly of the People reached decisions on laws and decrees, the issue was raised to a body called the Council, or Bouleto provide definitive approval. The Council consisted of members, 50 from each tribe, and functioned as an extension of the Assembly.
Council members, who were chosen by lot, supervised the work of other government officials, legal projects, and other administrative details. The Athenian elite lived modestly and without great luxuries compared to the elites of other ancient societies. Wealth and land ownership was not typically concentrated in the hands of a few people. By contrast, thetes occupied the lowest social class of citizens in Athens.
Thetes worked for wages or had less than medimnoi as yearly income. Many held crucial roles in the Athenian navy as rowers, due to the preference of many ancient navies to rely on free men to row their galleys. During the reforms of Ephialtes and Pericles around BCE, thetes were granted the right to hold public office. Boys were educated at home until the age of seven, at which time they began formal schooling. Subjects included reading, writing, mathematics, and music, as well as physical education classes that were intended to prepare students for future military service.
At the age of 18, service in the army was compulsory. Athenian women were dedicated to the care and upkeep of the family home. Athenian society was a patriarchy; men held all rights and advantages, such as access to imoprtant and power. Nonetheless, some women, known as hetaerasdid receive an education with the specific purpose of entertaining men, similar to the Japanese geisha tradition. Hetaeras were considered higher in status than other women, but lower in status than men.
Skip to main content. Search for:. Athenian Society Learning Objective Importznt the structures of Athenian society in the classical period. The Athenian democracy provided a number of governmental resources to its population in order to encourage participation in how to stop body odour problems democratic process. Many governmental how to do a spit shine in classical Athens were chosen by lot, in an attempt to discourage corruption and patronage.
The Athenian elite lived relatively modestly, and wealth and land were not concentrated in the hands of the few, but rather distributed fairly evenly across the upper classes. Thetes occupied the lowest rung of Athenian society, but were granted the right to hold public office during the reforms of Ephialtes and Pericles. Terms thetes The rebard social class of citizens in ancient Athens.
Assembly of the People Whah democratic congregation of classical Athens, which, in theory, brought together all atheians to decide upon proposed laws and decrees.
The Acropolis. View of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. Licenses and Attributions. CC licensed content, Shared previously.
What values did Athenians regard as most important? P. The Pnyx was important because the Athenians went there to do voting by a secret ballot and a show of hands. Jun 27, аи What Values Did the Ancient Greeks Value Highly? 1 Intelligence. While it was not a requirement of women during ancient Greece, the men were required to go to school and 2 Glory. Glory for young men in ancient Greece was the equivalent of fame to young people in today's society. 3 . Thetes occupied the lowest rung of Athenian society, but were granted the right to hold public office during the reforms of Ephialtes and Pericles. Athenian society was a patriarchy; men held all rights and advantages, such as access to education and power. Athenian women were dedicated to the care and upkeep of the family home.
In the 4th to 5th century B. C, Athens was going through a prosperous period and in this period its people made remarkable achievements. Athenian citizens in that era were generally expected to have respectful qualities, like openness, a rational mind and belief in their authority, although they did have shortcomings.
The geographical features of Athens and Greece had provided an ideal hothouse for the tradition of conducting external trade and communications with foreign nations. And this tradition had not only brought back various kinds of technology, science, art and philosophy from the eastern world, which had been the center of the civilized world in that era, but also bred openness to different ideas, conventions and life styles.
Openness also helped them develop their secularism and pragmatism. Before democracy, Athens politics could be described as a theocracy, like Near East. However, as time went by, the frequent contact with different ideas made it possible for them to doubt the divine rules and abandoned the superstition derived from their ancestors in large degrees and adopted a more secular and practical perspective towards the world.
This perspective, or attitude finally evolved into rationalism. And Athenians applied reason to almost every aspect of their life. In fact, even democracy stemmed from Rationalism. And the democracy of Athens distinct from its modern counterpart and is actually a radical form of democracy.
Our constitution is called democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people. Since the government was ruled by people and for people, the Athenians had strong confidence and trust in their government and were willing to put public affairs in important positions of their life.
History records shows that ancient Athenians had been keeping slaves over centuries. However, slavery is immoral, and tramples on human rights widely recognized in modern societies. Another fact is that Athenians, like most people in pre-modern era, were sexists. For he made the masculine body and mind more capable of enduring cold and heat and travel and military expeditions, which implies that he meant the outdoor work for man.
And God seems to me to have meant the indoor work for woman, since he made the female body less capable in these respects. The Athenian Constitution Extract. So we can find that women were expected quite differently from men, they were believed born to do domestic chores and subject to men. They considered women naturally inferior to men, both physically and mentally. And even some excellent and influential philosophers who are still respected in present days were no exceptions.
In spite of the fact that ancient Athens can be roughly defined as an open society, xenophobia had been active in the polis. There had always been many foreigners, Greeks and non-Greeks, living in the polis.
Boardman et al, A direct democracy would inevitably set high expectations for citizens, including being well educated and rational as well as paying sufficient attention to public affairs. A better solution is to positively provide every citizen with education of high quality, help him or her build up their wealth, and improve their awareness of importance of political participation.
However, only some of the highly developed societies with a relatively small population managed that, for example, some towns and cities in Switzerland and USA. In consideration of the disadvantages of direct democracy talked above, most modern people living in democratic countries elect representatives to administrate the society behalf of them. And this kind of representative democracy has proven its compatibility with modern world.
But, on the other hand, Athenian values have its limitations, illustrated with taking slavery appropriate and granted, conceiving women less capable than men and inability to prevent mob rule. Of these values, an open and rational mind, a sense of responsibility to benefit every one of the community and enthusiasm for political participation are well worth learning in a modern society.
However, contrast to Ancient Athenians, a modern society should always make efforts to protect the freedom, equality and legal rights of its every member. Melbourne: Trinity College Foundation Studies. Boardman, J. The Oxford History of the Classical World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Fine, J. Cambridge, Mass. Perry, M. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Powell, A. New York: Psychology Press. You are commenting using your WordPress.
You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Skip to content Home About Arthur. References: Primary Sources Aristotle. Secondary Sources Boardman, J. Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like this: Like Loading Was the American Revolution inspired by Enlightenment ideals or did it reflect the practical concerns of the American Colonists over who should rule America?
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