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The Haast's eagle Hieraaetus moorei is an extinct species of eagle that once gaast in the South Island of New Zealandcommonly accepted to be the pouakai of Maori legend. Haast's eagle was first described by Haadt von Haast in from remains discovered by the Canterbury Museum taxidermist, Frederick Richardson Fuller,  in a former marsh. DNA analysis later showed that this bird is related most closely to the ni smaller little eagle as well as the booted eagle and not, as previously thought, to the large wedge-tailed eagle.
If this estimate is correct, its increase in weight by ten to fifteen times is an exceptionally rapid weight increase. The suggested increase in the average weight of Haast's eagle over that period would therefore represent the largest, fastest evolutionary increase in average weight of any known vertebrate species. Haast's eagle was one of the largest known true raptors. In length and weight, it was even larger than the largest living vultures. Another giant eagle from the fossil record, Amplibuteo woodwardiis more recently and scantly-described but rivalled the Haast's ro at least the aspect of total length.
Most estimates place the female Haast's eagles in the range of 10—15 kg 22—33 lb and males around 9—12 kg 20—26 lb. A comparison with living eagles of the Australasian region resulted in estimated masses in Haast's eagles of It had a relatively short wingspan for its size. It whaat estimated that the grown female typically spanned up to 2. Several of the largest extant Old World vulturesif not in mean mass or other linear what makes the earth spin on its axis, probably ezaland Haast's eagle in average wingspan as well.
Short wings may dp aided Haast's eagles when hunting in the dense scrubland and forests of New Zealand. Haast's eagle has sometimes been portrayed incorrectly as having evolved toward flightlessnesshaas this is not so as evidence that it flew is very strong.
Instead it represents a departure from the mode of yaast ancestors' soaring flight to adapt to a dense woodland environment and the species probably had very di wings. Some wing and leg remains of Haast's eagles zeaoand direct comparison with living eagles. The harpy eagle Harpia harpyjathe Philippine eagle Pithecophaga jefferyiand the Steller's sea eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus are the largest and most powerful how to get rid of groundhogs poison eagles, and the first two also have a similarly reduced relative wing-length whaat an adaptation whwt forest-dwelling.
The talons of the Haast's eagle were similar in length to those of the harpy eaglewith a front-left talon length of 4. The strong legs and hqast flight muscles of these eagles would have enabled the birds to take off with a jumping start from the ground, despite their great weight.
The tail was almost certainly long, in excess of 50 cm 20 in in female specimens, and very broad. This characteristic would compensate for the reduction in wing area by providing additional lift. The Haast's eagle preyed on large, flightless bird species, including the moawhich was up to fifteen times the weight of the eagle. Until recent human colonisation that introduced rodents and cats, the only placental land mammals found on the islands of New Zealand were three species of bat. Birds occupied or dominated all major niches in the New Zealand animal ehat.
Moa were grazers, functionally similar to deer or cattle in other habitats, and Haast's eagles were the hunters who filled the same niche as top-niche mammalian predators, such as tigers or lions. One study estimated the total population at 3, to 4, breeding pairs, so the Haast's eagle would have been very vulnerable to changes in the number of moa.
A noted explorer and surveyorCharles Edward Douglasclaims in his journals that he had an encounter with two raptors of immense size in Landsborough River valley probably during the sand that he shot and ate them;  but they may have been Eyles's harriers. The sculpture, weighing approximately kg 1, lb; ststanding 7.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Extinct species of bird. Temporal range: Pleistocene to Late Holocene. Conservation status. Extinct Haast Retrieved 27 October Thomas P. May Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. PMID Quaternary Science Reviews. Bibcode : QSRv. New Zealand Geographic 4. Retrieved 23 August The Secret Life of Birds: Who they are how to copy pictures from iphone 4s to computer what they do.
Penguin Books Limited. Haxst Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. New Zealand Institute. New Zealand Geographic : ISSN PLOS Biology. PMC The identity of the fossil raptor of the genus Amplibuteo Aves: Accipitridae from the Quaternary of Cuba. Caribbean Journal of Science, 40 1 December Ornithological Society of New Zealand. Retrieved 26 January The Sixth Extinction. Archived from haazt original on 20 January Retrieved hzast April Paleobiology and Biodiversity Research Group.
Archived from the original on 5 May Raptors of the World. London: Christopher Helm. Archived from the original on 28 February Retrieved 30 September On Avian Remains in Southland. Transactions, The New Zealand Institute. The morphology of the bill apparatus in the Steller's Sea Eagle.
Tabaranza Jr. Haring Ibon's Flight…. Retrieved 1 July Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 37 2 Extinct Birds of New Zraland. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. The Independent. Retrieved 14 September ZSL Conservation. Retrieved 2 August New Zealand: 3 News. Archived from the original on 18 May Retrieved 2 February Subfamily : Buteoninae.
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The Haast's eagle (Hieraaetus moorei) is an extinct species of eagle that once lived in the South Island of New Zealand, commonly accepted to be the pouakai of Maori legend. It was the largest eagle known to have existed, with an estimated weight of 15 kilograms (33 lb), compared to the 9 kg (20 lb) harpy eagle. Its massive size is explained as an evolutionary response to the size of its prey. The Fox Moth had pioneered aviation in South Westland and had proved a great workhorse for connecting the Haast to the rest of New Zealand. Farewell to the Fox Moth - de Havilland 83 Fox Moth ZK-AGM photographed at Hokitika in early as the type bowed out of the NAC fleet. Well done good and faithful servant! Whitebait Fritters. You either love it or hate it. Whitebait fritters are tiny freshwater fish in a batter. Fish is a huge part of the New Zealand diet, mainly because so many Kiwis enjoy going out on fishing trips, which you can learn more about in Fishing in New Zealand and see how you can do it yourself.. So if you want to try a classic Kiwi dish which is more on the fishy side, give.
New Zealand has a shorter human history than any other country. Short, yes, but the amount of change this country experienced was pretty phenomenal. It all started with the Maori. Using awesome navigational skills to make their way from a Polynesian island they called Hawaiki to Aotearoa New Zealand , they migrated to New Zealand in the s. Early Maori history has been passed on through song and stories, as there was no early Maori written language.
As the Europeans had a tendency to document everything, they brought another aspect to how Maori history was told. Before, there was no collective word for the various tribes in New Zealand.
After difficulty fishing near their homeland, Kupe used nifty navigational skills to find new land using the ocean currents, wind, stars, birds and wave patterns. Hokianga in Northland was the first place to be named. Navigational skills and information were passed on from Kupe to his people for the first migration to New Zealand to occur in the waka large canoe. New Zealand had been growing and evolving in isolation for 80 million years, so for the Maori, they had struck gold in this huge island full of forest and birds that were not used to land mammals.
Moa, a native flightless bird reaching heights of 12ft, was an easy target for food as you can tell by the lovely but fake moa pictured. A high protein diet meant a huge population growth for the Maori, and this population spread from the top of the North Island all the way far south in the South Island. As resources started to dwindle, such as the extinction of the moa, tribes formed for security and fights for resources.
Any disputes between tribes were sorted with intermarriage and diplomacy, or the less peaceful methods of military campaigns. Clearly, this was some sort of misunderstanding that Tasman did not want to pursue further, as Tasman got the hell out of New Zealand.
James Cook mapped the coast of New Zealand, making it possible for the great European migration to start. The next day, Cook made a second attempt, taking Tupaia a crew member picked up from Tahiti who could speak a language similar to Maori. Gifts were offered to the Maori but, understandably, the Maori were a bit hostile after the events of the previous day. Cook could finally convey to the Maori that they had come in peace by showering them in gifts, food and drink.
They were taken back to shore the next day. It eventually got to the point where the Europeans realised that shooting people was not the friendliest of greetings. In the early s, whalers from Europe and America started to visit the Bay of Islands, setting up trading villages with the Maori. Timber and flax were traded in the town that is now known as Russell. And by that, they meant sex and drink. Today Russell is a charming seaside town and well worth a visit in the Bay of Islands.
The peace was kept through intermarriage and the fact that the Europeans needed the Maori for protection, food and labour, while the Maori needed European articles like muskets. New technology, transport, literacy, religion and muskets: the ways of Western life soon found their way into Maori life.
A tribe in Northland, Ngapuhi, obtained muskets from trading and made their way down south, raiding other tribes. They would win battle after battle until facing a tribe who had also acquired muskets.
Once the Ngapuhi were defeated, the winning tribe would continue the musket wars like a domino effect until the fighting reached far down the South Island in As muskets became equally distributed amongst tribes, the wars died off. Around 20, Maori died due to these wars. In the s, Christian missionaries preached to some Maori tribes, converting them to Christianity. Incidentally, the missionaries promoted the Treaty of Waitangi.
This is a founding document, which was a political agreement between the British Crown and the Maori tribes and sub-tribes. The treaty was to found a nation-state and government in New Zealand. The Maori saw the profits of the Europeans and accepted their authority on 6-February when the Treaty of Waitangi was signed.
However, there is much controversy surrounding this document due to the discrepancies over European and Maori understanding of it. Basically, it did not translate correctly between English and the Maori language.
The English version stated that Maori had equality with British subjects but the British had complete rights of government. On the other hand, the Maori version also promised chieftainship giving local rights of government. Although the problem was not clear at first, it became apparent as European settlements started to grow into Maori land. In turn, the Maori lost a lot of land. From the s battles broke out several times as the Europeans either attempted to take control of Maori land or the Maori sacked European settlements.
The Europeans had more luck controlling theSouth Island but faced struggle with the heart of the North Island. In particular, the in the Waikato War. This was the biggest land war, involving heavy artillery, armoured steamships and 10 British regiments.
Although the odds were against them, the Maori won several battles. In the end, British numbers and resources overcame the Maori.
Maori political independence dwindled until finally expiring in when police invaded the last sanctuary in the Urewera mountains. Maori influence on national affairs was severely reduced and the Maori population had dramatically declined. Keeping the Maori culture alive was the next struggle.
Strong Maori leaders were in force to rejuvenate Maori society. Indeed, it seemed Maori were adapting to the change to fit in with Western society. Many Maori started to shift to the urban centres to find work rather than staying in rural settlements as they had always done. Where they brought cultural aspects to the city with them through building urban maraes, for example, they were subject to the teachings of Western, mainly British, education in schools. Protests broke out as people were becoming more aware of the impact European colonisation had.
The first Waitangi Day protests were organised by activist group Nga Tamatoa in In response, the Waitangi Tribunal was set up in to investigate breaches of the treaty. However, the application of Maori cultural knowledge in modern New Zealand life is still debated. For example, although there has been a steady increase in Maori population in New Zealand in recent years, there has certainly been a decline in the Maori language use, despite efforts to incorporate it in education.
From the national museums to overnight stays in maraes meeting grounds , there is a spotlight on the Maori culture in New Zealand tourism to showcase the culture to the wider world.
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