2 days ago · unofficial flag of a unit of the United Kingdom, flown subordinate to the Union Jack, that consists of a white field (background) bearing a central red cross with a white six-pointed star, a red hand, and a gold crown. The island of Ireland was historically divided into four provinces, the northernmost of which was Ulster. 18 rows · Apr 16, · Flag of the Republic of Ireland was originally designed to represent all of .
Since then, it has had no official status. It is sometimes flown during Saint Patrick's Day parades in Northern Ireland,  and is used to represent Northern Ireland during some royal events. In recent years, there have been calls for a new, neutral flag for Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Banneralso known as the " Red Hand Flag" or the "Ulster Flag" not to be confused with the provincial Flag of Ulsterwas the flag that was granted a royal warrant for use to the Government of Northern Ireland in In common with other British flags, any civic status of the flag was not defined in law.
The Government of Northern Ireland what is bes on blackberry granted arms the Coat of arms what is the northern ireland flag Northern Ireland by Royal Warrant and had the right to display these arms on a flag or banner.
This right was exercised for the Coronation in when the banner was flown for the first time over Parliament Buildings in honour of the Queen's visit. Also during the Queen's visit, on July 1,the Minister for Home Affairs announced that, while the Union flag was the only standard officially recognised, those who wished to have a distinctive Ulster symbol might use the banner.
Since the Northern Ireland government and parliament were abolished inuse of the Ulster Banner among loyalists has increased. There are various practices for the flying of flags by public bodies in Northern Ireland. The Flags Regulations Northern Ireland Order requires that the Union Flag be flown over specified government buildings including Parliament Buildings and state offices on specified "named days" honouring, for example Queen Elizabeth II 's official birthday.
The regulations also provide that, on the occasion of a visit to a government building by the British Monarchthe Royal Standard shall be flown and the Union Flag can be flown, and on state visits from other heads of state the Union Flag and the national flag now thats what i call music 1 release date the country of the visitor can be flown.
The regulations prohibit any flags being flown from the relevant buildings except as expressly permitted by the regulations. Other regulations exist for other public bodies in Northern Ireland. Use of flags by the Police Service of Northern Ireland is governed by the Police Emblems and Flags Regulations Northern Irelandwhich provides that no flag shall be used by the Service other than its own flag.
Legislation relating to flag flying does not apply to District Council buildings, and District What does pay grade 06 mean follow a range of practices varying from flying the Union Flag on a number of council buildings every day of the year as at Lisburnto flying no flags on any building, flying only the council flag or flying flags on the designated days in the same way as government buildings.
InBelfast City Council commissioned a study on the flying of the Union Flag which noted that the Ulster Banner was flown alongside it by three unionist-controlled district councils at that time: Ards Borough CouncilCarrickfergus Borough Council and Castlereagh Borough Council. In Northern Ireland, some members from each of the unionist and nationalist communities use flags to declare their political allegiances and to mark territory.
Irish nationalists and republicans fly the Irish tricolour to show their support for a United Ireland. After the Good Friday Agreementflags continue to be a source of disagreement in Northern Ireland.
The Agreement states that:. All participants acknowledge the sensitivity of the use of symbols and emblems for public purposes, and the need in particular in creating the new institutions to ensure that such symbols and emblems are used in a manner which promotes mutual respect rather than division. Nationalists pointed to this to argue that the use of the Union Flag for official purposes should be restricted, or that the Irish tricolour should be flown alongside the British flag on government buildings.
All signatories to the Belfast Agreement also declare their acceptance of the "principle of consent" i. InUS diplomat Richard Haass chaired what is the northern ireland flag between the political parties in Northern How to hold the guitar neck dealing with, among other things, the issue of flags.
The resulting draft proposals, which were not agreed by the parties, included the idea of a new flag for Northern Ireland, to replace the Ulster banner. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. National flag. The Union Jack or Union Flag. Saint Patrick's Saltire. Northern Ireland Assembly Flag . Main article: Ulster Banner. Main article: Northern Ireland flags issue.
Northern Ireland portal. Retrieved 3 July ISBN The official flag of the province is the Union Jack. There is no official national flag of Northern Ireland, following the Northern Ireland Constitution Act ofnor any unofficial flag universally accepted how to make a pueblo Northern Ireland.
Contemporary Britain. Palgrave Macmillan. The old flag of Northern Ireland — a red hand inside a white star on a red cross — has strong connections with the Protestant community, and is no longer official but is still occasionally flown. The official flag of Northern Ireland is the Union Flag.
Clashing Symbols? Queen's University of Belfast. Flags of the World. Flag Institute. The Ulster flag is different from the Ulster Banner, which was the former flag of Northern Ireland but now holds no official status.
Queen's University Belfast. Archived from the original PDF on 30 April Retrieved 30 May Sport Northern Ireland. Patrick have no official status and under the Flags Regulations are not permitted to be flown from Government Buildings'. This is particularly true of the Northern Ireland or Ulster flag which would have been extensively used by loyalists since What is another name for a land turtle, it has no official status as a flag for Northern Ireland.
Flag, Nation and Symbolism in Europe and America. Abingdon: Routledge. LCCN OCLC OL W. Archived from the original PDF on 8 November Retrieved 22 August The News Letter. Lord Kilclooneythe former Ulster Unionist deputy leader, is a vice chairman of Westminsters all-party group on flags and heraldry which promotes the flying of the Union Flag. Belfast Telegraph. Therefore, when the government of Northern Ireland was disbanded in Marchits arms and flag officially disappeared; however, the flag continues to be used by groups such as sports teams representing the territory in sport.
A report on the use of flags, anthems and other national symbols in Northern Ireland. Irish Academic Press Ltd. The main change to the use of symbols within the unionist community in recent decades has been the growing popularity of the Northern Ireland flag since the early s, when it came into widespread use by loyalists who felt that they had been betrayed by the government at Westminster.
The increasing use what is the northern ireland flag the Northern Ireland flag has sometimes been seen as symptomatic of a growing sense of Ulster nationality Britishness Since From the early s some unionists have sought increasingly to stress their identity with Ulster [ Retrieved 9 January The Flag Institute.
Retrieved 6 April Archived from the original on 19 May Retrieved 4 November Links to related articles. Flags of Europe. Flags of the United Kingdom. United Kingdom —present. England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland. Subnational flags of the United Kingdom. Belfast Ulster. Northern Ireland articles.
Outline Index. Categories : Flags of Northern Ireland. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter Webarchive template wayback links Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Use British English from October Use dmy dates from October Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is locally defined.
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The official flag of Northern Ireland is the Union Jack de jure. The Ulster Banner was used by the Parliament of Northern Ireland from until the latter was abolished in The Ulster Banner is still used by some organisations and entities and has been adopted as an unofficial flag of the region by unionists but its use is datingfuckdating.comg code: + 7 rows · The Ulster Banner is the unofficial flag of Northern Ireland being used by the government . The Ulster Banner is the closest Northern Ireland has to an Official Flag. It was the flag of the NI Government until , having been introduced in to celebrate the coronation of Elizabeth II. It is still used to represent NI at world sports events and you will see it flown at Ulster Rugby matches.
The Northern Ireland Assembly colloquially referred to as Stormont after its location , established by the Northern Ireland Act , holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters, while other areas are reserved for the British government. Northern Ireland co-operates with the Republic of Ireland in several areas.
Northern Ireland was created in , when Ireland was partitioned by the Government of Ireland Act The majority of Northern Ireland's population were unionists , who wanted to remain within the United Kingdom.
Meanwhile, the majority in Southern Ireland which became the Irish Free State in , and a significant minority in Northern Ireland, were Irish nationalists and Catholics who wanted a united independent Ireland. The creation of Northern Ireland was accompanied by violence both in defence of and against partition.
During —22, the capital Belfast saw major communal violence , mainly between Protestant unionist and Catholic nationalist civilians. The economy of Northern Ireland was the most industrialised in Ireland at the time of partition , but declined as a result of the political and social turmoil of the Troubles.
The initial growth came from the " peace dividend " and increased trade with the Republic of Ireland, continuing with a significant increase in tourism, investment and business from around the world. Unemployment in Northern Ireland peaked at Cultural links between Northern Ireland, the rest of Ireland, and the rest of the UK are complex, with Northern Ireland sharing both the culture of Ireland and the culture of the United Kingdom.
In many sports, the island of Ireland fields a single team , with the Northern Ireland national football team being an exception to this. The region that is now Northern Ireland was long inhabited by native Gaels who were Irish-speaking and Catholic. It was made up of several Gaelic kingdoms and territories, and was part of the province of Ulster. During the 16th century English conquest of Ireland , Ulster was the province most resistant to English control.
Following Irish defeat at the Battle of Kinsale , many of these lords fled to mainland Europe in Their lands were confiscated by the Crown and colonized with English-speaking Protestant settlers from Britain, in the Plantation of Ulster. This led to the founding of many of Ulster's towns and created a lasting Ulster Protestant community with ties to Britain.
The Irish Rebellion of began in Ulster. The rebels wanted an end to anti-Catholic discrimination, greater Irish self-governance, and to roll back the Plantation. It developed into ethnic conflict between Irish Catholics and British Protestant settlers, and became part of the wider Wars of the Three Kingdoms —53 , which ended with the English Parliamentarian conquest. Following the Williamite victory, and contrary to the Treaty of Limerick , a series of Penal Laws were passed by the Anglican Protestant ruling class in Ireland.
The intention was to disadvantage Catholics and, to a lesser extent, Presbyterians. Some , Ulster Presbyterians emigrated to the British North American colonies between and In the context of institutional discrimination, the 18th century saw secret, militant societies develop in Ulster and act on sectarian tensions in violent attacks.
This escalated at the end of the century, especially during the County Armagh disturbances , where the Protestant Peep o'Day Boys fought the Catholic Defenders. This led to the founding of the Protestant Orange Order. The Irish Rebellion of was led by the United Irishmen ; a cross-community republican group founded by Belfast Presbyterians, which sought Irish independence. Following this, the government of the Kingdom of Great Britain pushed for the two kingdoms to be merged, in an attempt to quell sectarianism, remove discriminatory laws, and prevent the spread of French-style republicanism.
During the 19th century, legal reforms continued to remove discrimination against Catholics, and progressive programs enabled tenant farmers to buy land from landlords. This was bitterly opposed by Irish Unionists , most of whom were Protestants, who feared an Irish devolved government would be dominated by Irish nationalists and Catholics.
The Liberal government was dependent on Nationalist support, and the Parliament Act prevented the House of Lords from blocking the bill. In , unionists smuggled thousands of rifles and rounds of ammunition from Imperial Germany for use by the Ulster Volunteers UVF , a paramilitary organisation formed to oppose Home Rule. Irish nationalists had also formed a paramilitary organisation, the Irish Volunteers. It sought to ensure Home Rule was implemented, and it smuggled its own weapons into Ireland a few months after the Ulster Volunteers.
Unionists were in a minority in Ireland as a whole, but a majority in the northeast, within the northern province of Ulster. They were a large majority in County Antrim and County Down , small majorities in County Armagh and County Londonderry , and a substantial minority in Ulster's five other counties. The remaining 26 counties which later became the Republic of Ireland had nationalist majorities. During the Home Rule Crisis , the possibility was discussed of a "temporary" partition of these six counties from the rest of Ireland.
However, its implementation was suspended before it came into effect because of the outbreak of the First World War , and the Amending Bill to partition Ireland was abandoned. The war was expected to last only a few weeks but in fact, lasted four years.
By the end of the war during which the Easter Rising had taken place , most Irish nationalists now wanted full independence rather than home rule. Both would have a shared Lord Lieutenant of Ireland , who would appoint both governments and a Council of Ireland , which the British government intended to evolve into an all-Ireland parliament. Events overtook the government. Meanwhile, the Fourth Home Rule Bill passed through the British parliament in and received royal assent that December, becoming the Government of Ireland Act The first election to the Northern Ireland Parliament was held later that month, and Northern Ireland's first devolved government was formed in June, headed by Unionist Party leader James Craig.
During —22, in what became Northern Ireland, partition was accompanied by violence "in defence or opposition to the new settlement". Protestant loyalists attacked the Catholic community in reprisal for IRA actions. In summer , sectarian violence erupted in Belfast and Derry, and there were mass burnings of Catholic property in Lisburn and Banbridge. There was rioting, gun battles and bombings.
Homes, business and churches were attacked and people were expelled from workplaces and from mixed neighbourhoods. The USC was almost wholly Protestant and some of its members carried out reprisal attacks on Catholics.
However, communal violence continued in Belfast, and in the IRA launched a guerrilla offensive in border areas of Northern Ireland. This created the Irish Free State. Under the terms of the treaty, Northern Ireland would become part of the Free State unless the government opted out by presenting an address to the king, although in practice partition remained in place.
As expected, the Parliament of Northern Ireland resolved on 7 December the day after the establishment of the Irish Free State to exercise its right to opt out of the Free State by making an address to the King. Owing to the outbreak of civil war in the Free State , the work of the commission was delayed until Leaders in Dublin expected a substantial reduction in the territory of Northern Ireland, with nationalist areas moving to the Free State.
However, the commission's report recommended only that some small portions of land should be ceded from Northern Ireland to the Free State and even that a small amount of land should be ceded from the Free State to Northern Ireland.
To prevent argument, this report was suppressed and, in exchange for a waiver to the Free State's obligations to the UK's public debt and the dissolution of the Council of Ireland sought by the Government of Northern Ireland , the border was not changed.
The Ireland Act gave the first legal guarantee that the region would not cease to be part of the United Kingdom without the consent of the Parliament of Northern Ireland. The Troubles, which started in the late s, consisted of about 30 years of recurring acts of intense violence during which 3, people were killed  with over 50, casualties.
The franchise for local government elections included only rate-payers and their spouses, and so excluded over a quarter of the electorate. While the majority of disenfranchised electors were Protestant, Catholics were over-represented since they were poorer and had more adults still living in the family home. NICRA's campaign, seen by many unionists as an Irish republican front, and the violent reaction to it proved to be a precursor to a more violent period.
The state security forces — the British Army and the police the Royal Ulster Constabulary — were also involved in the violence. The British government's position is that its forces were neutral in the conflict, trying to uphold law and order in Northern Ireland and the right of the people of Northern Ireland to democratic self-determination.
Republicans regarded the state forces as combatants in the conflict, pointing to the collusion between the state forces and the loyalist paramilitaries as proof of this. The "Ballast" investigation by the Police Ombudsman has confirmed that British forces, and in particular the RUC, did collude with loyalist paramilitaries, were involved in murder, and did obstruct the course of justice when such claims had been investigated,  although the extent to which such collusion occurred is still disputed.
As a consequence of the worsening security situation, autonomous regional government for Northern Ireland was suspended in Alongside the violence, there was a political deadlock between the major political parties in Northern Ireland, including those who condemned violence, over the future status of Northern Ireland and the form of government there should be within Northern Ireland.
In , Northern Ireland held a referendum to determine if it should remain in the United Kingdom, or be part of a united Ireland. The vote went heavily in favour Approximately The Troubles were brought to an uneasy end by a peace process which included the declaration of ceasefires by most paramilitary organisations and the complete decommissioning of their weapons, the reform of the police, and the corresponding withdrawal of army troops from the streets and from sensitive border areas such as South Armagh and Fermanagh , as agreed by the signatories to the Belfast Agreement commonly known as the " Good Friday Agreement ".
This reiterated the long-held British position, which had never before been fully acknowledged by successive Irish governments, that Northern Ireland will remain within the United Kingdom until a majority of voters in Northern Ireland decides otherwise. The Constitution of Ireland was amended in to remove a claim of the "Irish nation" to sovereignty over the entire island in Article 2.
The new Articles 2 and 3 , added to the Constitution to replace the earlier articles, implicitly acknowledge that the status of Northern Ireland, and its relationships within the rest of the United Kingdom and with the Republic of Ireland, would only be changed with the agreement of a majority of voters in each jurisdiction.
This aspect was also central to the Belfast Agreement which was signed in and ratified by referendums held simultaneously in both Northern Ireland and the Republic.
At the same time, the British Government recognised for the first time, as part of the prospective, the so-called "Irish dimension": the principle that the people of the island of Ireland as a whole have the right, without any outside interference, to solve the issues between North and South by mutual consent.
It established a devolved power-sharing government within Northern Ireland, which must consist of both unionist and nationalist parties. On 28 July , the Provisional IRA declared an end to its campaign and has since decommissioned what is thought to be all of its arsenal. This final act of decommissioning was performed under the watch of the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning IICD and two external church witnesses.
Many unionists, however, remained sceptical. The IICD later confirmed that the main loyalist paramilitary groups, the Ulster Defence Association , UVF and the Red Hand Commando , had decommissioned what is thought to be all of their arsenals, witnessed by former archbishop Robin Eames and a former top civil servant.
Politicians elected to the Assembly at the Assembly election were called together on 15 May under the Northern Ireland Act  for the purpose of electing a First Minister and deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland and choosing the members of an Executive before 25 November as a preliminary step to the restoration of devolved government.
The main political divide in Northern Ireland is between unionists, who wish to see Northern Ireland continue as part of the United Kingdom, and nationalists, who wish to see Northern Ireland unified with the Republic of Ireland, independent from the United Kingdom.
These two opposing views are linked to deeper cultural divisions. Unionists are predominantly Ulster Protestant , descendants of mainly Scottish , English, and Huguenot settlers as well as Gaels who converted to one of the Protestant denominations. Nationalists are overwhelmingly Catholic and descend from the population predating the settlement, with a minority from the Scottish Highlands as well as some converts from Protestantism.
Discrimination against nationalists under the Stormont government — gave rise to the civil rights movement in the s. While some unionists argue that discrimination was not just due to religious or political bigotry, but also the result of more complex socio-economic, socio-political and geographical factors,  its existence, and the manner in which nationalist anger at it was handled, were a major contributing factor to the Troubles.
The political unrest went through its most violent phase between and Opinion polls consistently show that the election results are not necessarily an indication of the electorate's stance regarding the constitutional status of Northern Ireland.
Most of the population of Northern Ireland are at least nominally Christian, mostly Roman Catholic and Protestant denominations. For the most part, Protestants feel a strong connection with Great Britain and wish for Northern Ireland to remain part of the United Kingdom. Many Catholics however, generally aspire to a United Ireland or are less certain about how to solve the constitutional question. Protestants have a slight majority in Northern Ireland, according to the latest Northern Ireland Census.
The make-up of the Northern Ireland Assembly reflects the appeals of the various parties within the population.