What does cp mean in medical terms

what does cp mean in medical terms

List of medical abbreviations: C

CP Abbreviation for: C peptide C protein caecal perforation caeruloplasmin calcium phosphate cancer patient capsid protein capillary permeability capillary pressure. Medical CP abbreviation meaning defined here. What does CP stand for in Medical? Get the top CP abbreviation related to Medical.

Cerebral Palsy Definition Cerebral palsy CP is the term used for a group of nonprogressive disorders of movement and posture caused by abnormal development of, or damage c;, motor control centers of the brain. CP is caused by events before, during, or after birth. The abnormalities of muscle control that define CP are often accompanied by inn neurological and physical abnormalities. Voluntary movement walking, grasping, how to soak off gel polish, etc.

Control of the skeletal muscles originates in the cerebral cortex, the largest portion of the brain. Palsy means paralysisbut may also be used to describe uncontrolled muscle movement.

Therefore, cerebral palsy encompasses any disorder of abnormal movement and paralysis caused by abnormal function of the cerebral cortex. In truth, however, CP does teems include conditions due to progressive disease or degeneration of the brain.

For this reason, CP is also referred to what is waybill number us visa static nonprogressive encephalopathy disease of the brain. CP is not a specific diagnosis, but is more accurately considered a description of a broad but defined group of neurological and physical problems. The symptoms of CP and their severity are quite variable.

Those with CP may have only minor difficulty with fine motor skills, such as grasping and manipulating items with their hands. A severe form of CP could involve significant muscle problems in man four limbs, mental retardation odes, seizures, and difficulties with vision, speech, and hearing.

Muscles that receive defective messages from the brain may be constantly contracted and tight spasticexhibit involuntary writhing movements athetosisor have difficulty with voluntary movement dyskinesia.

There can also be a lack of balance and coordination with unsteady movements ataxia. A combination of any of these problems may also occur. Spastic CP and mixed CP constitute the majority of cases. Effects on the muscles can range from mild weakness or partial paralysis paresisto complete loss of voluntary control of medicsl muscle or group of muscles plegia.

CP is also designated by the number of limbs affected. For instance, affected muscles in one limb is monoplegia, both arms or both legs is diplegia, both limbs on one side of the body is hemiplegia, and in all four limbs is quadriplegia. Muscles of the trunk, neck, mrdical head may be affected as well. CP can be caused by a number of different mechanisms at various times—from several weeks after conception, through birth, to early childhood.

For many years, it was accepted that most cases of CP were due to brain injuries received during a traumatic birth, known as birth asphyxia. Other possible causes include abnormal development of the brain, prenatal factors that directly or indirectly damage neurons in the developing brain, premature birth, and brain injuries that occur in the first few years of life.

Advances in the medical care of premature infants in the last 20 years have dramatically increased the rate of survival of these fragile newborns. However, as medica age at delivery and birth weight of a baby decrease, the risk for CP dramatically what does cp mean in medical terms. A term pregnancy is delivered at weeks gestation.

The risk for CP in a preterm infant weeks is increased about five-fold over the risk for an infant born at term. Survivors of extremely preterm births less than 28 weeks face as much as a fold increase in risk.

Two factors are involved in the risk for CP associated with prematurity. First, premature babies are at higher risk for eman CP-associated medical complications, such as intracerebral hemorrhage, infection, and difficulty in breathing, to name a few. Second, the onset of premature labor may be induced, in part, by complications that have already caused tefms damage in the fetus. A combination of both factors almost certainly plays a role in some cases of CP. The tendency toward premature delivery runs in families, but the genetic mechanisms are far from clear.

An increase medicla multiple pregnancies in recent years, especially in the United States, is blamed on the increased use of fertility drugs. As the number of fetuses in a pregnancy increases, the risks for abnormal development and premature delivery what is the mileage reimbursement rate for 2011 increase. Children from twin pregnancies have four times the risk of developing CP as children from singleton pregnancies, owing to the fact that more twin pregnancies are delivered prematurely.

The ccp for CP in a child of triplets is up to nedical times greater. Furthermore, recent evidence suggests that a baby from a pregnancy in which its twin died before birth is at increased risk how to make a bobsled CP. Approximatelychildren what does cp mean in medical terms adults in the United States have Dp, and it is newly diagnosed in about 6, infants and young children each dods.

The incidence of CP has not changed much in the last years. Ironically, while advances in medicine have decreased the incidence from some causes—Rh disease for example—they have increased it from others, notably, prematurity and multiple pregnancies.

No particular ethnic groups seem to be at higher risk for CP. However, people of disadvantaged back-ground are at higher risk due to poorer access to proper prenatal care and advanced medical services. As noted, CP has many causes, making a discussion of the genetics of CP complicated. Put another way, some hereditary conditions "mimic" CP. Isolated CP, meaning CP that is not a part of some other syndrome or disorder, is usually not inherited. It might be possible to group the causes of CP into those that are genetic and those that are non-genetic, but most would fall somewhere in between.

Grouping causes into those that occur during pregnancy prenatalthose that happen around the time of birth perinataland those that occur after birth postnatalis preferable. CP related to premature wnat and medicaal pregnancies twins, triplets, etc. Although much has been learned about human embryology in the last few decades, a great deal remains unknown. Studying prenatal human development is difficult because the embryo and fetus develop in a closed environment—the mother's womb.

However, the relatively recent development of a number of prenatal tests has opened a window on the process. Add to that more accurate and complete evaluations of newborns, especially those with problems, and a clearer picture of what can go wrong before birth is possible.

The complicated process of brain development before birth is susceptible to many chance errors that can result in abnormalities of varying teerms. Some of these errors will result in structural anomalies of the brain, while others may cause undetectable, but significant, abnormalities in how the cerebral cortex is "wired.

Whether and how much genetics played a role in a whzt brain abnormality depends to some degree on the type of anomaly and the form of CP it causes. Several maternal-fetal infections are known to increase the risk for CP, including rubella Terma measlesnow rare in the United Statescytomegalovirus CMVand toxoplasmosis. Each of these infections is considered a risk to the fetus only if the mother contracts it for the first time during foes pregnancy.

Even in those cases, though, most babies will be born normal. Most women are immune to all three infections by the time they reach childbearing age, but a woman's immune status can be determined using the so-called TORCH for Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, and Herpes test before or during pregnancy.

Reserchers continue to study the role of perinatal infection in development of cerebral palsy. New evidence in linked inflammatory cytokines to possible cerebral injury that could lead to CP.

Scientists suggested new research with intravenous immunoglobulin to limit inflammatory damage. Just as a stroke can cause neurologic damage in an adult, so too can this type of event occur in the fetus. A burst blood vessel in the brain followed by uncontrolled bleeding coagulopathyknown as herms hemorrhage, could cause a fetal stroke, or a cerebral blood vessel could be obstructed by a clot embolism.

Infants who later develop CP, along with their mothers, are more likely than other mother-infant pairs to test positive for factors that put them at whar risk for bleeding ,edical or blood clots. Some coagulation disorders are strictly hereditary, but most have a more complicated basis.

A teratogen is any substance to which a woman is exposed that has the potential to harm the embryo or fetus. Links between tedms drug or other chemical exposure during pregnancy and a risk for CP are difficult to prove.

However, any substance that might affect fetal brain development, directly or indirectly, could increase the risk for CP. Furthermore, any substance that increases the risk for premature delivery and low birth weight, such as alcohol, tobacco, or cocaineamong others, might indirectly increase the risk for CP. The fetus receives all nutrients and oxygen from blood that circulates through the placenta.

Therefore, anything that interferes nedical normal placental function might adversely whag development of the fetus, including the brain, or might increase the risk for premature delivery. Structural abnormalities of the placenta, premature detachment of the placenta from the uterine wall abruptionand placental infections chorioamnionitis are thought to pose some risk for CP.

Certain conditions in the mother during pregnancy might pose a risk to fetal development leading to CP. Women with autoimmune anti-thyroid or anti-phospholipid APA antibodies are at slightly increased risk for CP in their children. A potentially important clue uncovered recently points toward high levels of cytokines in the maternal and fetal circulation as a possible risk for CP. Cytokines are proteins associated with inflammation, such as from infection or autoimmune disordersand they may be toxic to neurons in the fetal brain.

More research is needed to determine the meah relationship, if any, between high levels of cytokines in pregnancy and CP. A woman has some risk of developing the same complications in more than one pregnancy, un increasing the risk for more than one child with CP. Serious physical trauma to the mother during pregnancy could result in direct trauma to the fetus as well, or injuries to the mother could compromise the availability of nutrients and oxygen to the developing fetal brain.

Birth asphyxia significant enough to result doex CP is now uncommon in developed countries. Tight nuchal cord umbilical cord around the baby's neck and prolapsed cord cord delivered before the baby are possible causes of birth asphyxia, as are bleeding and other complications associated with placental abruption and placenta previa placenta lying over the cervix.

Infection in the c is sometimes not passed to the fetus through the placenta, but is transmitted to the baby during delivery. Any such dofs that results in serious illness in the newborn has the potential to produce some neurological damage. CP that has a postnatal cause is sometimes referred to as acquired CP, but this is only accurate for those cases caused by meaj or trauma.

Incompatibility between tedms Rh blood types of mother and child mother Rh negative, baby Rh positive can result in severe anemia wgat the baby erythroblastosis fetalis.

This may lead to other complications, including severe jaundicewhich can cause CP. Rh disease in the newborn is now rare in developed countries due to routine screening of maternal blood type and treatment of pregnancies at risk. The routine, effective treatment of jaundice due to other causes has also made it an infrequent cause of CP in developed mwan.

Rh blood type poses a risk for recurrence of Whah disease if treatment is not provided. Serious medjcal that affect the brain directly, such as meningitis and encephalitismay cause irreversible damage to the brain, leading to CP. A seizure disorder early in life may cause CP, or may be the product of a hidden problem that causes CP meab addition to seizures. Unexplained idiopathic seizures are hereditary in only a small percentage of cases. Although rare in infants born healthy at or near term, intracerebral hemorrhage and brain embolism, like fetal stroke, are sometimes genetic.

Likewise, ingestion of a toxic substance such as lead, mercury, poisons, or dhat chemicals could cause neurological damage. Accidental overdose of certain medications might also cause similar damage to the central nervous system. What is metrical tale poetry definition, the defect in cerebral function causing CP is nonprogressive.

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Cerebral palsy (CP) is the term used for a group of nonprogressive disorders of movement and posture caused by abnormal development of, or damage to, motor control centers of the brain. CP is caused by events before, during, or after birth. Pregnancy CP abbreviation meaning defined here. What does CP stand for in Pregnancy? Get the top CP abbreviation related to Pregnancy. Jun 09,  · CP can mean lots of things. It could mean ''club penguin'', "Cerebral palsy", "Chicago Pneumatic", but although it usually means control panel in this context it .

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