How To Build a Computer – Step By Step Infographic
Mar 29, · All you need to do is look at your case. If there’s space between the bottom and floor (and preferably a dust filter in between), install your power supply with the fan facing datingfuckdating.com: Jon Martindale. Jan 09, · Almost everything you do on a computer will have to be calculated by the CPU in some way, so having a fast CPU (high clocks and high core count) will make your PC faster. Head on over to the Custom PC-Builder Tool, to find the right CPU and Computer Parts for the type of Computer .
If you've been beating yourself up about doing nothing productive during quarantine, don't. Sometimes nothing is exactly what you need. But I want to be clear: If you can build an Ikea table, bookshelf, bed, or anything that comes in more than one of those deceivingly heavy flatpacks, you can build a PC.
Subscriptions help fund the work we do every day. If you buy something using links in our stories, we may earn a commission. Learn more. No matter what your experience level is, you should use PCPartPicker. It not only has everything you need to buy, it also lets you build your PC piece by piece right there on the website, making sure all your hardware will play nicely together. It even has a few example builds you can tweak to your liking if you want. The only thing you might not need if you're mostly using this PC for home office tasks compuetr a GPU graphics processing unitbut it's necessary for photo or video editing and gaming.
What wild birds eat cracked corn other component plugs into this circuit board. They come in different sizes and configurations, and each one looks a little different, but they all fill the same function.
This is the brain of your computer. If the CPU doesn't mention including thermal paste, make sure to get some too. This one will do. It's also used in scratdh and photo editing, and other graphics-intensive tasks. These cards are tough to find in stock or at a reasonable price at the moment, so you may have to wait a while.
This is where you fron all your files, your games, your movies, your documents, your photos, your everything. You can always add more storage later if you need it. Memory is more like that one table you toss things on to deal with later. Your power supply scdatch a little box that keeps the electricity running to each and compute component. It determines how quick and powerful your PC can be. The faster it is, the more power it needs, and you always want to have a little more than you need, just in case.
Your case is just what it sounds like. One thing to remember is that when you build a PC, you don't automatically have Windows included. You'll have to buy a license from Microsoft bujld another vendor and make a USB key to install how to measure drill bits. First, how to get started on adopting a child yourself a clean workspace.
This can be a dining room table, a cleared-off desk—just any surface big enough for your case to lay flat on its side, with ample room around it for the rest of your components. When you how to come up with a melody these parts together, be sure to discharge any static buildup and work on a nonmetallic surface like a wood table.
Or you could just assemble the motherboard on top of the cardboard box it comes in. Most of the components you bought are going to come with instruction manuals; keep them handy. Each piece fits into each other piece. For the motherboard, your first job is going to be seating your CPU. Oils from your fingertips can damage bulld contacts, or you might bend a pin. Do either one builv your processor becomes nothing more than an expensive hunk of silicon.
Seating your processor is pretty easy. Gently lower the processor into the socket, then gently flip the latch or locking mechanism. If you have to press really hard, double-check that the processor is socketed correctly. That little tiny plastic syringe of silvery goo is very important for this next step. Now that your processor is seated, take a look at the shiny square of silicon in the center of it. Go ahead and carefully squeeze a tiny ball no bigger than a pea of thermal paste onto the silicon square on your processor.
Now line up your heat sink with the screws surrounding your processor, and gently lower it into place. Get some isopropyl alcohol, dab it on a lint-free wipe, and wipe the processor and heat sink. If it looks all right, screw your heat sink into place.
It should be very close to your processor socket. The rest of this is formulaic. There should be a spot for it near the top or bottom of the case, a big square spot that will fit your supply perfectly. Once you've found its home, slot it in and screw it into place. Make sure all the snaky cables coming out what are safe foods for anorexic the power supply will reach your motherboard with room to spare.
Memory is maybe the easiest thing to install. See those vertical little sockets beside the CPU? Line up your sticks of RAM and slot them in, starting from the left-hand slot. If you have two sticks of RAM, make sure to skip a slot between them. Your motherboard manual should say which slots need use. For your what do i need to build a computer from scratch drive or solid-state drive SSDfind an empty bay in the front-facing part of your case.
Slide your drive in and screw it into place like we did ned the power supply. If you have an M. Your GPU is going to be pretty big. That means how it fits into your case is important. Once you put your GPU in there, space is going to start getting tight. Find another one of those tiny little screws and fasten your GPU to the case. It should be easy to find. Now, take a look at the cables coming out of your power supply.
There should be a few that look like they could fit into the square or rectangular socket on the side of your GPU. It should look like six computee eight little holes in a rectangle shape. The motherboard needs to be hooked into all your devices. The power supply unit I used in this build is ened called fully modular, which means that you can select the cables you need and leave the rest off to eliminate clutter.
Otherwise, power supplies have a ton of cables, and you'll have to deal with the unused power connections dangling inside your case. You also need to plug the motherboard into your case—the power buttons, audio plugs, and USB ports on the front of your case. There are special headers for each kind of plug scattered around the board, so you'll want to check your manual for the location and function of each grouping of pins.
These tiny pins need what does length mean in science be plugged in a certain way, and they're unbelievably minuscule. There's also a hookup for the case's fan—in this case I used, there was one header on the motherboard but three fans installed. This part really depends on the hardware you purchased, so consult the manuals for each component to ensure you've plugged builr into your motherboard and the power supply correctly.
The final stage scratc your build is a simple one: Hit your power button. If the PC whirs to life, you probably put it together perfectly! If it doesn't though, don't despair. There are a lot of potential problems that could cause a What to do in chapel hill to fail to boot up for the first time. This video from Kingston goes over some pitfalls that might cause you some headaches, so if you're not able to boot your PC, give it a watch and retrace your steps.
There's also a chance you could have received faulty components. This video goes over some tips on how to check your parts. If it started up just fine though, the next step is super easy: Turn it off. Remember that Windows flash drive you made earlier? Plug it into the PC and boot it up again.
If you set it up right, it should just do its thing and get started. You might need to open your BIOS check your motherboard's manual for how to do that and set the USB drive to be a "boot device" first, though. Here's a brief rundown of that processstarting at step 3. Congratulations on building your first PC. It's a bit of a pain, but it's a great way to spend an afternoon. Or a couple of days, depending on how many unforeseen headaches you run into.
Compyter Your Motherboard and Power Supply. Jess Grey is a product reviewer at WIRED, covering all those devices that make your life easier—and sometimes much more difficult. Read more. Writer and Reviewer Twitter. Featured Video. Hacker and security researcher Samy Kamkar takes a look at a variety of hacking scenes from popular media and examines their authenticity.
When Should I Buy a Computer Instead?
Building a computer from scratch gives you the perfect machine for your needs, but it can be daunting the first time around. Here's our complete guide, from picking the parts, to putting it.
So if you are new to PC assembly and are interested in getting involved, please check out out our infographic below for a step-by-step guide in pictures of how to build your own computer. ESD can occasionally be thousands of Volts which has the potential to cause damage to computer parts.
By following good practice I. To ground yourself, simply touch the metal casing of your computer case to bring yourself to the same electrical potential as it.
You can do this often throughout the assembly process to discharge any electrical potential you may have built up. Avoid building up any charge on your body by limiting how much you move around or what you touch e. If you get worried, simply discharge yourself to the computer case by touching it with your bare hands again. There are a few different ways you can tackle building a computer, and when it comes down to it, take the one you feel most comfortable with.
This method involves partially assembling the motherboard and associated units CPU, CPU cooler, and RAM outside of the case, then transplanting this whole unit to within the case before continuing with the build assembly. Its easiest to work on your PC with it laying sideways on a flat surface, so the open side is facing up. Keep any screws which were supplied with the case separate and take note of the different types. Most cases will come with a few different packets of screws and they may have different sizes or threads, so make sure to match them up with the correct mounting locations as best as possible.
If in doubt, refer to the documentation which came with your computer case. Screws and standoffs are often supplied with your computer case, however sometimes screws may be supplied with a motherboard.
Avoid touching of pressing down on the back of the CPU with your fingers, as any residue from your hands can destroy the heat transfer surface for the cooler which will be mounted next. Another important thing to note is to remove any plastic packaging around the CPU socket cover before installing your CPU and cooler.
Usually there is a piece of removable hard plastic somewhere around the CPU socket cover which serves to protect the CPU terminal pins on the motherboard. Be sure to remove and discard this as you install your CPU. Some CPU coolers do come with a thermal pad already applied, in which case you can skip step 1.
Cable headers on motherboards vary in their location depending on what motherboard you have. To identify the correct header, look for the labeling on the motherboard; they are always labeled next to the header with the intended connection, for example:.
Most power supplies will have a whole bunch of cabling and connectors coming out of the rear. Others may have sockets for cables to be plugged in. Most motherboards will have multiple RAM mounting slots.
If you are installing pairs of RAM sticks, mount them in the same color slots on the motherboard. Be careful not to flex the motherboard too much when doing this — it can help to support the edge of the board if necessary with your spare hand to avoid bending the motherboard too much as you press down on the back of the RAM stick.
Not all computers have a dedicated graphics card. If you have decided to use the on-board graphics of your motherboar instead of installing a dedicated graphics card, you can skip this section.
When you plug in your display monitor, always use the output ports of the graphics card frist if you have one installed and not the output ports of the motherboard itself.
This ensures you are actually using your graphics card! Storage drives come in two main sizes: a 3. Due to their smaller size, 2. The exact mounting strategy for storage drives will vary from computer case to computer case.
Sometimes, you may need to refer to the manual for your case in order to fit drives into the drive bays. External storage drives will typically come with two connections that you need to make: power and data; which is why we plug in two separate cables to each drive. The data connection cable is a SATA cable which connects between the motherboard and the storage drive.
The power connection cable supplies power to the drive, and plugs into the drive from the power supply. Just like external storage drives that we connected in Step 8, optical drives also require two connections: power and data.
Again, the data connection cable is a SATA cable which connects the optical drive to the motherboard. However, you will still need to plug the power cables of these fans into a header port located on your motherboard. This supplies the fan with power which is required for it to operate. In other cases you might need to mount your own case fans, or you may even choose to run your computer without any case fans at all.
These will be present in the form of cables that come from the front panel; the ends of which will be hanging loose in your case.
If in doubt, refer to the documentation which came with your motherboard, which should tell you exactly where to connect these items. We recommend using cable ties to neatly secure cables in bundles and away from any moving parts such as fans. Connecting peripherals to your computer once it is all assembled is a matter of simply making sure everything you want to use with your computer like keyboard, mouse, speakers etc is plugged in to the right spot.
Use the following list as a guide for what goes where:. Need more help or want to see more in-depth instructions for each step? The below video from Newegg TV is an excellent guide to building a PC and indexed into easy-to-follow sections. I appreciate all of your tips and steps for how to put together a computer. My brother is wanting to get some new computer parts and this article will be super useful to him.
I will make sure to pass along this information about hot to assemble a computer to help him put his new parts together when he gets them. Good luck! I appreciate the step by step written out instead of watching a video, but this is the wrong way to build a PC fast and easy, if you want the stress of trying to assemble all of this inside the case then enjoy, but if not install everything you can on the Motherboard before putting the motherboard into the case, also do not, and I repeat do not install the PSU to the motherboard before getting everything connected and put together first.
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Am I going to be getting in over my head? How do I build a fully customized computer from parts? Be sure to let us know what you think by leaving us a comment below! Have a suitable work area, with good lighting and plenty of space. Ensure you have all required tools on hand for easy access.
Consider keeping a container nearby to hold loose parts like screws. These are typically included as a paper insert in the product packaging. Ensure your area is not at risk of static electricity, which has the potential to damage your parts. Be aware of safety precautions.
About Our Step-by-step Guide to Building Your Own Computer There are a few different ways you can tackle building a computer, and when it comes down to it, take the one you feel most comfortable with.
Building Outside of the Case: This method involves partially assembling the motherboard and associated units CPU, CPU cooler, and RAM outside of the case, then transplanting this whole unit to within the case before continuing with the build assembly. Sometimes you may not be able to fit your screwdriver where it needs to be if other parts like the CPU cooler or RAM get in the way. Be careful as there are some items which must be installed in a certain order for instance, you cannot install the CPU cooler without first installing the CPU.
Computer Assembly Steps Step 1: Open Case Remove the back screws Take side cover off Its easiest to work on your PC with it laying sideways on a flat surface, so the open side is facing up. Holding the CPU by its sides, line up any alignment notches or the triangle marked on the corner of the CPU to the triangle marked on the motherboard. Plug the power cable attached to the cooler fan into the motherboard connector.
Plug the 8-pin cabling connector from the power supply cabling into the CPU power connector Most power supplies will have a whole bunch of cabling and connectors coming out of the rear. Step 7: Install Graphics Card Not all computers have a dedicated graphics card. Remove the expansion slot covers from the rear of your case where the graphics card will sit The graphics card slots into a PCI expansion slot on the lower half of the motherboard.
Line it up and press down firmly to seat the card. Put in the screws to hold the graphics card in place Plug in the power connector cables from your power supply into the graphics card power connector if existing — not all graphics cards required external power When you plug in your display monitor, always use the output ports of the graphics card frist if you have one installed and not the output ports of the motherboard itself.
Step 8: Mount Storage Drives Storage drives come in two main sizes: a 3. Mount storage drives in the case drive bays. Fix the drive in place with screws through the case frame into the case mounting holes located on the storage drive Connect the drive to the motherboard using a SATA cable Plug in power cabling to the storage drive Mount any other storage drives in the same way External storage drives will typically come with two connections that you need to make: power and data; which is why we plug in two separate cables to each drive.
Remove any front panels from the computer case where the optical drive will sit. Mount optical drive in the case by fixing with screws through the case frame into the case mounting holes located on the optical drive Connect the optical drive to the motherboard using a SATA cable Plug in power cabling from your power supply to the optical drive Just like external storage drives that we connected in Step 8, optical drives also require two connections: power and data.
Mount any case fans within your case as required using the supplied screws or clips Connect any case fan power connectors to the multiple fan headers located at various places on the motherboard.
Identify the cabling from the front panel ports of your PC. Place the side cover back on Secure the side panel with case screws Connect peripheral devices including mouse, monitor, keyboard, speakers etc. Connecting Peripherals Connecting peripherals to your computer once it is all assembled is a matter of simply making sure everything you want to use with your computer like keyboard, mouse, speakers etc is plugged in to the right spot.
Build Complete! Thanks for the feedback! Hey, this helped a lot but i have a question, do I need the Optical Drive?
Thanks sks! Glad to hear you found it useful!