The 5 Great Lakes Of North America
Aug 05, · The names of the five Great Lakes are Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. The Great Lakes are the largest surface freshwater systems on Earth and contain roughly 21 percent of the world water supply. The Great Lakes are on the border of the United States and Canada. See Article History Great Lakes, chain of deep freshwater lakes in east-central North America comprising Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario. They are one of the great natural features of the continent and of the Earth.
The Great Lakes are the largest surface freshwater systems on Earth and contain roughly 21 percent of the world water supply. These lakes what is the purpose of neon lights approximately 84 percent of North America's surface water and are the home to more than 3, species of plants and animals.
Lake Superior is the largest of the five lakes by volume, and it is also the deepest and the coldest. The smallest and shallowest lake is Lake Erie. Together, these lakes span more than miles and provide water for a variety of uses, including consumption, power and transportation, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.
The Great Lakes are very popular for boating, fishing and other water activities. The lakes are also very sensitive to pollutants. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the pollutants that enter any of the Great Lakes are generally retained and become more concentrated over time. Common sources of pollution include waste from cities, industrial discharge, farm chemicals and pollution that enters directly from the atmosphere. More From Reference.
Quick facts about the five Great Lakes:
Jun 30, · The Great Lakes — Superior, Huron, Michigan, Ontario and Erie — make up the largest body of fresh water on Earth, accounting for one-fifth of the freshwater surface on the planet at 6 Author: Kim Ann Zimmermann. The names of the five Great Lakes are Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior. To easily remember their names, think of the word HOMES - it is made up of the first letter of each lake. May 20, · The Great Lakes are five freshwater lakes located in the central-eastern part of North America. Most people know this, but few also know the origin of their names. Lake Superior Its name is merely a reflection of its huge size - 82, square km and 12, cubic km, but probably also of its posi.
The Great Lakes — Superior, Huron, Michigan, Ontario and Erie — make up the largest body of fresh water on Earth, accounting for one-fifth of the freshwater surface on the planet at 6 quadrillion gallons.
The area of all the Great Lakes is 95, square miles , square kilometers and span miles 1, km from west to east. The square mileage is larger than the state of Texas. The lakes, called "the nation's fourth seacoast," are on the U. This equates to 10 percent U.
More than 3, species of plants and animals inhabit the Great Lakes basin, as well, including plus species of fish. Today, the Great Lakes are popular recreation spots for boating, fishing and other recreational activities, and they still serve as an important mode of transportation of goods, but they have not always been in their current form. About 14, years ago, the Great Lakes area was covered with a glacier that was more than a half-mile 1 km thick.
As the glacier melted, it slowly moved toward Canada and left behind a series of large depressions that filled with water.
These formed the basic shape of the Great Lakes, and about 10, years ago the Great Lakes took the form that is familiar today. There are a number of rivers and tributaries connecting the Great Lakes. The Straits of Mackinac connect Lake Michigan and Lake Huron, and there is such a steady flow of water between these two bodies that they could be considered one lake.
The St. Lawrence, which leads out to the Atlantic Ocean. The Great Lakes are dotted with more than 35, islands. While many of the islands are small and uninhabitable, the largest is Lake Huron's Manitoulin Island 1, square miles or 2, square km , which is also the largest island in any inland body of water on the planet.
There have been a number of shipwrecks on the Great Lakes, as storms and reefs can make navigation treacherous. The last and one of the most famous shipwrecks was that of the SS Edmund Fitzgerald, a freighter that sank in Lake Superior during a storm on Nov.
The lakes have been changes considerably from pollution and invasive species. Currently, there are more than federal programs designated for environmental restoration and management of The Great Lakes, according to the EPA. Eight U. Lake Erie : The name was derived from erielhonan , the Iroquoian word for "long tail," which describes its shape. Lake Michigan : This is truly a great body of water, as the name is derived from the Ojibwa Indian word mishigami , meaning "large lake.
It has an unusual water flow that goes in almost a cul-de-sac formation, moving slowly in a circular pattern. It is also the only Great Lake located entirely in the United States. Michigan and Huron are actually two halves of one body of water, though, according to the University of Wisconsin. Lake Ontario : Ontario is the Huron word for "lake of shining water. Live Science. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer.