What is a Genre? Definition, Examples of Genres in Literature
The primary genres in literature are poetry, drama / play, essay, short story, and novel. The term genre is used quite often to denote literary sub-classifications or specific types of literature such as comedy, tragedy, epic poetry, thriller, science fiction, romance, etc. Genres of literature are important to learn about. The two main categories separating the different genres of literature are fiction and nonfiction. There are several genres of literature that fall under the nonfiction category. Nonfiction sits in direct opposition to fiction.
L iterature is one of the major forms of expression in our society today. Even other artistic media, such as film, are how to use eno slap straps by literature.
Like other art forms, literature is classified into four main literary genres and sub-genres —fiction, non-fiction, poetry, and drama. It is imperative for students to learn the different types of literature so they would not be overwhelmed by the subjective nature of literature review writing.
The most popular literary genre nowadays is fiction. Fiction, in literature, is any work that is created by the imagination, or in other words, not real. These stories may be based on real events or persons, but most of it has been altered. Fiction often includes novels, short stories, and novellas. More modern fiction, such as flash fiction, experiments on form and length.
Fiction focuses on the narrative that transpires and the meanings ascribed to them by their what is millimeter wave technology. Different writers have developed their own styles, foreshadowing future events ltierature holding back certain details as ard please.
For example, Anton Chekhov is renowned for stories where the plot is stagnant, but with very vivid characters. This literary genre is the opposite of fiction, although they are very similar in terms of components and their usage of storytelling techniques. Creative non-fiction makes use of stories, people, or events that really happened. In fact, the only detail non-fiction writers can change are the names of the characters or places to protect the people involved. Non-fiction is commonly employed by or about celebrities and political figures to shed light on a controversial event in their life or to inspire others.
An example is Gsnres Yousafzai, lierature after recovering from being attacked by terrorists in her country, shared her story and her advocacy through her autobiography titled What are genres of literature Am Malala.
Creative non-fiction includes egnres narrative essays qhat, biographies, autobiographies or memoirs, and literary how to read kundali chart for marriage. Probably the oldest literary genre, dating back to prehistoric times when poetry was still part of oral tradition.
Poets like Homer told epic stories through poetry. Due to its origin in oral history, poetry is characterized by meter and rhyme.
Think Shakespeare and Wordsworth. Over time, different styles and schools of poetry evolved. And, from having strict meter and rhyme, contemporary poems are often in free verse, which is characterized by its rhythm and sound. Brave, experimental writers flock to poetry to play with structure and language.
The play is the most elusive of literary genres. Being a performance, there is no sole creator to which we can ascribe its greatness or failure. It is a collaboration between the playwright, the director, light technician, costume designer, actors, and at times even the audience. Plays primarily make use of dialogues between characters, so stage direction and acting are prominent components.
In prehistoric times, play and poetry are merged, but now, although there are some overlaps, the line between the two is more clear-cut. Shakespeare is a popular playwright whose works continue to be re-staged. These are the four main literary genres to guide you in reading and in your literary analyses. Knowing the literary genre will make it easier for you to analyze it. Literary essay is one of the hardest essays to write because of the necessity of using figurative language to match the stone and style of the literary genre.
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Main Literary Genres
Genre is the organization of literature into categories based on the type of writing the piece exemplifies through its content, form, or style. Example of Literary Genre The poem “My Papa’s Waltz” by Theodore Roethke fits under the genre of poetry because its written with lines that meter and rhythm and is divided into stanzas. Genres of Literature Genre originates from the French word meaning kind or type. As a literary device, genre refers to a form, class, or type of literary work. The primary genres in literature are poetry, drama/play, essay, short story, and novel. Fiction Fiction refers to a story that comes from a writer’s imagination, as opposed to one based strictly on fact or a true story.
Nowadays the list of possible types and literature genres can seem endless. But it is still possible to narrow down the vast amount of literature available into a few basic groups. The five genres of literature students should be familiar with are Poetry, Drama, Prose, Nonfiction, and Media —each of which is explained in more detail below.
This is often considered the oldest form of literature. Before writing was invented, oral stories were commonly put into some sort of poetic form to make them easier to remember and recite. Poetry today is usually written down but is still sometimes performed. A lot of people think of rhymes and counting syllables and lines when they think of poetry, and some poems certainly follow strict forms.
But other types of poetry are so free-form that they lack any rhymes or common patterns. There are even kinds of poetry that cross genre lines, such as prose poetry. In general, though, a text is a poem when it has some sort of meter or rhythm , and when it focuses on the way the syllables, words, and phrases sound when put together.
Poems are heavy in imagery and metaphor and are often made up of fragments and phrases rather than complete, grammatically correct sentences. And poetry is nearly always written in stanzas and lines, creating a unique look on the page.
Poetry, as experienced in the classroom, is usually one of three types. There are the shorter, more modern poems, spanning anything from a few lines to a few pages. Often these are collected in books of poems by a single author or by a variety of writers.
And finally, there are the ancient, epic poems transcribed from oral stories. The most typical varieties of prose are novels and short stories, while other types include letters, diaries, journals, and non-fiction also discussed below.
Prose is written in complete sentences and organized in paragraphs. Instead of focusing on sound, which is what poetry does, prose tends to focus on plot and characters. Prose is the type of literature read most often taught in English classrooms. Some of these genres revolve around the structure of the text, such as novellas, biographies, and memoirs, and others are based on the subject matter, like romances, fantasies, and mysteries.
Students respond best to dramas, and grasp their mechanics more fully when exposed to film or theater versions or encouraged to read aloud or act out scenes during class. The dramas most commonly taught in classrooms are definitely those written by the bard. Popular choices from his repertoire include Hamlet , Taming of the Shrew , and Romeo and Juliet , among others. Poetry and drama both belong to the broader category of fiction —texts that feature events and characters that have been made up.
Then there is non-fiction, a vast category that is a type of prose and includes many different sub-genres. Non-fiction can be creative, such as the personal essay, or factual, such as the scientific paper. Some genres of non-fiction include histories, textbooks, travel books, newspapers, self-help books, and literary criticism.
A full list of non-fiction types would be at least as long as this entire article. But the varieties most often used in the classroom are textbooks, literary criticism, and essays of various sorts. Most of what students practice writing in the classroom is the non-fiction essay, from factual to personal to persuasive.
The newest type of literature that has been defined as a distinct genre is media. This categorization was created to encompass the many new and important kinds of texts in our society today, such as movies and films, websites, commercials, billboards, and radio programs. More and more educators are coming to recognize the importance of teaching media in the classroom. Students are likely to be exposed to far more of this type of literature than anything else throughout their lives, so it makes sense to teach them how to be critical and active consumers of media.
Internet literacy is a growing field, for example, since the skills required to understand and use online information differ in important ways from the skills required to analyze printed information.
Teaching media literacy is also a great way for educators to help students become participants in their own culture, through lessons on creating their own websites or home movies or commercials. These are far from the only important genres of literature. Here are a few more that are sometimes used in classrooms: Oral Literature: The oldest type of literature, and the foundation on which culture was built. Now, most oral texts have been written down, of course, and are usually taught in the form of epic poems or plays or folk tales.
Most folk tales were originally oral literature, and are short stories meant to pass on a particular lesson or moral. They often have a timeless quality, dealing with common human concerns that are just as relevant to us today, while still being products of a very specific culture and time period. Graphic Novels and Comic Books: It used to be that most educators saw comic books as the lowest form of literature, not suitable or valuable for children.
But times have changed, and many teachers have come to realize that comic books and the more modern graphic novels are both appealing to kids and are a valid form of literature in their own right. Page content.
Poetry This is often considered the oldest form of literature. Non-Fiction Poetry and drama both belong to the broader category of fiction —texts that feature events and characters that have been made up.
Media The newest type of literature that has been defined as a distinct genre is media. Other Types of Literature These are far from the only important genres of literature. Article authored by Haley Drucker.